Scottish terriers are easily recognizable as short, sturdy dogs with long hair, upright pointed ears and tail, a distinctive beard, and long, bushy eyebrows. Owners of these dogs usually refer to them as ‘Scotties.’ In some quarters they are called Aberdeen Terriers.
Puppies of Presidents and Kings
One of the more famous of these terriers was President Franklin D Roosevelt’s dog, Fala. Fala may be one of the only Scotties to be memorialized by a statue. A somewhat larger than life statue of Fala sits near the feet of his master at the Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial in Washington D.C. When he died in 1952, Fala was buried in the White House Rose Garden, next to the sundial. Fala was only one of the Scottish Terriers to call the White House home. Presidents Eisenhower and George W. Bush also had pet Scotties when they resided there.
Not only have Scotties been puppies of presidents, they have been puppies of kings as well. It’s said the breed, which was originally used on farms to hunt vermin and foxes, was much loved by King James VII. Consequently, it eventually became a much-loved breed throughout much of Scotland and England.
Scotties are affectionate little dogs, as well as being extremely active. Consequently, to make a good pet they should have obedience training. These dogs also need to be taught where they are not allowed to dig, if they’re allowed to dig at all. They were bred to be vermin hunters, an as such are natural diggers. They are also a breed that requires a good deal of exercise. Even though they’re a small dog, they are not suitable for living a sedentary lifestyle in an apartment. Apartment life is all right however if the dog can be taken on walks regularly.
Scotties are generally friendly towards other dogs and towards other pets. They are considered to be easy to train. FDR’s Scottie was quite willing to perform a number of tricks. They make very good watchdogs, but because of their somewhat diminutive size they to not rate highly as protective dogs, nor do they have much in the way of a protective instinct. Because of their somewhat heavy coat these dogs do moderately well in cold weather, but they are not particularly tolerant of hot weather.
Not in the Top Ten, But a Very Popular Terrier
As far as popularity goes, Scottish Terriers rank around 50th when it comes to the most popular breeds according to the American Kennel Club. Still, the Scottie is among the favorite of the terrier breeds although it significantly trails the ever popular Yorkshire Terrier, usually ranked among the five most popular breeds. Scotties were extremely popular in the United States during the period between the two World Wars.
A Smart Little Dog – But Patience is Required While Training a Puppy
If you bring a Scottie puppy home with you, it’s best to begin training it almost immediately. It needs to be worked with on a consistent basis. Training sessions that are only given to correct problems usually don’t work. These dogs need to know where their boundaries are at. They do best when given lots of affection and positive reinforcement during training sessions. The main requirement placed on the owner is that of having a great deal of patience. Owners are cautioned not to allow Scottie puppies to do things that would not be tolerated in an adult dog. Any habit this breed forms can sometimes be difficult to break.
A Positive Reinforcement Approach is Essential
Another bit of advice is that if punishment is required, it should never be done just after calling the dog to you. This breed seems to have a memory that is usually associated with the elephant. If you call the dog to you, and then punish it for something it’s done, it may be a long, long time before it will come again when called. As a breed, Scotties don’t take well to punishment, or any type of correction-based training for that matter, which is why positive reinforcement is recommended during training sessions. These are smart little dogs, and they will generally catch on fairly quickly as to what it is you expect of them. If you do decide to take your Scottie to obedience training classes, look for classes that use the positive reinforcement approach.
Scottish Terrier Club of America
If you own a Scottie, or are thinking about getting one, a good resource is the Scottish Terrier Cub of America website. The STCA is the official American Kennel Club organization for this breed. The STCA has all of the information you would ever need to know about the breed and provides useful advice on rescue efforts, shelters, and breeders. The STCA has a listing of pedigrees for over 110,000 Scottish Terriers. You’re welcome to joint the organization, and more than welcome to make a donation if you wish to. You’re also welcome to participate in the activities sponsored by the various regional clubs. Donations that are given are primarily used to support the STCA Health Trust Fund and the STCA Rescue efforts. The STCA has a magazine, the Bagpiper, that is published four times a year. It is free to those who are members of the Club.
Mixed breed dogs go by many different names. When it is impossible to guess at a dog’s ancestry, the dog is likely to be referred to as a mutt. If it’s a particularly ugly mutt, or is perhaps homeless, it’s a mongrel.
A cross-breed is either a dog that has been cross-bred on purpose or by accident, and generally is a mix of two different breeds. A mutt or mongrel is typically made up of a number of different breeds, not just two, and in many cases those different breeds can only be guessed at. A mongrel’s parents are likely to have been mongrels as well, with each parent possibly made up of a completely different combination of breeds than the other.
When a mixed-breed dog comes from purebred parents that are of different breeds, it is often called a designer dog, or a hybrid. A boutique dog is another term that is often used. It is a term that is frequently reserved for somewhat exotic looking, smaller hybrids. There are mixed breed dogs however that have the bloodlines of three or four different breeds in them, which happened on purpose and not by accident. Breeders are well known for attempting to keep the bloodline of a particular breed as pure as possible, or for attempting to find just the right parents to produce a litter of designer or hybrid dogs. An example of this would be the loveable Husky Pomeranian mix. There are also breeders who work towards establishing mixed breeds, dogs whose bloodlines are made up of certain percentages of several different breeds; 25 percent of this breed, 25 percent of that breed, and so on. Once you get beyond the first generation of these mixes however, it can quickly become difficult to keep track of the bloodlines and keep them ‘pure.’
‘Widely Varies’ is Often the Common Denominator
If you were to look at the characteristics mixed breeds have, such as appearance, health, temperament, and care requirements, those characteristics could usually be summed up as ‘widely varies.’ No matter what the breeds involved are, mixed breeds share at least one characteristic with other mixed breeds, and with purebreds as well. They are pack animals. Being pack animals, they need to find their place in the pack, and they need to know who the leader of the pack is. Fortunately, most dogs adapt to having a human as their leader although some require more training than others before that begins to sink in. While there is a tendency to attempt to humanize a dog that has been taken in as a pet, a dog does not think exactly as a human does, and this always needs to be taken into account. If you take the time to learn about dog behavior it usually won’t matter who the ancestors of a given mixed breed dog were. Its behavior should still be close to what might be considered standard canine behavior.
Mixed Breeds, Mutts, and Mongrels Tend to be Healthier
One of the advantages to owning mixed breed dogs is that they are generally healthier than their pure breed counterparts. Their blood lines may be so widely spread that genetic issues affecting a certain breed’s health may be lessened or even eliminated. When you see a mutt or mongrel that is not in the best of health is usually because it has not been well treated, or properly cared for. When adequately cared for, mutts and mixed breeds will usually live a long, happy, and healthy life.
There are many different canine breeds. Around 400 different breeds are currently recognized. They all belong to the same species however. There is just one species of dog. What sets the pure breeds apart is that the two parents have very similar characteristics and the puppies in their litter, once grown, will look very much the same. When you purchase a pure breed puppy, you usually know what you’re getting. When you purchase a mixed breed, you really can’t be sure what it will look like as an adult. An exception might be a case in which the breeder has carefully controlled the bloodlines of the puppy.
No Such Thing as a Hybrid
Technically, there is no such thing as a hybrid dog, although there are plenty of mixed breeds. The difference lies in the wording, and not with the breeds themselves. Since all dogs are of the same species, and it’s impossible to have a hybrid of anything that is of the same species, a hybrid dog cannot exist and should technically be referred to as a mixed breed or cross-bred dog. It’s all in the wording.
Only purebred dogs qualify for the AKC list of standard breeds. There are organizations that list hybrids and designer dogs. The standards are not the same as those of the AKC of course. There often are no standards at all. To be listed or registered as a hybrid or mixed breed, each parent must be of a single but different breed. It’s often possible to tell what a hybrid puppy will look like when it matures, although it depends on which of its parent’s genes are dominant. In certain circumstances one may be able to predict how a mixed breed puppy that has the bloodlines of three or more separate breeds will turn out, but it is usually more difficult to do so. It is generally impossible to predict the outcome at the mutt or mongrel level.
As a ER nurse, my job is to access the injuries of the patients that come into my hospital. One of the things I see a lot is unexplained bruising. A bruise is usually caused by someone bumping into something, or falling or in the case of coming to the hospital, I see a lot of bruises caused by car accidents or fighting.
It’s easy to identify a bruise. The skin looks discolored and is black and blue due to damaged blood vessels under the skin where the injury happened. Bruises usually hurt and feel tender for a few days. I can give you some advice, if you have a very painful bruise it’s possible you broke your arm or leg, so you should likely come to the ER where I can assess it and check you out!
Sometimes you will get a bump with a bruise, like if you get knocked on the head. This is a possible serious thing and you could have a concussion, so be sure to get to the ER to see the doctors fast and nurses like me will take care of you right away. Once you get a bruise, I was taught that they usually heal in a week or two, but if not, you could have a more serious issue and should be seen by your regular doctor.
The best way for you to treat a bruise is by putting ice on it right when the injury happens. This helps it not get as bad and will also make you feel better. You should wrap the ice in a washcloth or use a disposable ice pack and leave it on for about 10 minutes, then take it off, and then put it back on for another 10 minutes in an hour or two.
You can also put some pressure on the bruised area by putting an elastic bandage on it if it is in a spot like a leg or arm. This helps because the bandage holds the blood vessels in place and they don’t leak blood, so the bruise doesn’t get so bad.
Once it has been 24 hours, you can use heat instead of ice on the bruise. One time I hurt my ankle and got a bad bruise. I had to wrap it up in an elastic bandage and I couldn’t go to work that day. My little dog, Spike, tripped me and I had to prop my foot up, put on some ice and wait until it felt better, so I know all about bruises from a first-hand experience! They are not fun.
Dogs have always been mans best friend. They are loyal, friendly, sociable, protective and, fit in to any family easily. At least that’s what I know about my Boxer Pitbull mix, Regal. He has been living with me at my apartment for two years now and I consider him companion and family at the same time.
Fortunately, circumstances enabled me to adopt Regal. My work schedule didn’t allow me to be home regularly and a spate of break ins in my neighborhood got me concerned. With no family member willing to move in with me, my only alternative was to get a guard dog. And that’s how I got my Regal.
Adopting is a pretty straightforward process. However, many homeowners adopting pets fail to plan prior to adopting and end up with a pet they would rather have left at the shelter. Here’s how I went about it.
Why do you want a dog?
For me deciding on a dog over a parrot or a cat was simple. I wanted my home secure. The question here is to ask, why does my home need a dog? Is it the kids ranting about the terrier they saw on TV or, does your wife prefer a dog because she’s allergic to cat dander? Getting the answer to this will help you decide on the type of dog you should get.
Research the dog breeds available
Dogs will come as purebred or cross breeds. Purebred dogs tend to be rarer especially in shelters. You’ll get a better shot at a cross breed. I especially like cross breeds because they will take traits from both parents. In addition, they are less likely to fall ill often due to the hereditary traits passed down from their parents.
What characteristics do you want?
For me it was quite simple. I wanted a dog that’s friendly, obedient, strong, loyal and protective. The mix of a pitbull and a boxer made the perfect fit. When looking at the characteristics, you should also consider things like the breeds susceptibility to diseases, the average life expectancy, age, temperament, grooming needs and, recognition.
Finding a dog shelter
For me it was easy finding the right dog shelter as there are a couple of these within the state. However, there are a number of online tools that are helpful in finding the dog that you wish to adopt. After finding the shelter, make an appointment with a pet counselor.
Prepare the necessary documentation
I was asked to provide my identification, proof that my landlord has allowed pets on the premises and, a filled out application. This is generally what is asked for although some shelters might require other documents.
Wait for approval
I had to wait at least 24 hours before my adoption request was approved. Only then was I allowed to take Regal home. I was also asked to pay the adoption fees but it was well worth it.
Take your dog home
I had already prepared my apartment for Regal’s arrival. We instantly bonded and he was equally excited about his new home.
Do you have ulcers, rashes, abscesses or wounds that take some time to heal? If you do, you may be suffering from a more serious health condition called neutropenia.
Neutropenia is a condition wherein a person’s white blood cells are considerably low. It can be caused by nutritional deficiency, bone marrow problem, leukemia, tuberculosis, certain viral infection, dengue fever, chemotherapy, or exposure to radiation. White blood cells defend the body against bacteria and infections. With a low level of white blood cells, a person is more prone to infections including ulcer and many others.
Unlike other health conditions which manifest different symptoms, neutropenia does not have any symptoms. That is why it is hard to detect. Many patients just learn of their condition through a blood test conducted for unrelated purposes.
To prevent patients with neutropenia from getting serious infections, they normally undergo neutropenic precautions, you can read more about it here at http://www.neutropenicprecautions.com. As far as I know, the neutropenic precautions have no standard protocol yet and they can vary across medical institutions. But there are three more common neutropenic precautions, namely diet, clothing and environment.
A person under neutropenic diet must avoid eating all uncooked or undercooked vegetables, fish, meat, and poultry products. Most uncooked fruits must also be avoided except those with thick peelings such as oranges and bananas. Aside from cooked vegetables, meat, poultry and fish, you may also eat canned fruits, vacuum packed meats, pasteurized milk and other dairy products. You should also take in more water. Other foods to be avoided are honey, deli foods and salads.
The neutropenic diet is normally observed when the patient’s white blood cells fall below a certain limit. And it is strictly observed until the condition improves.
Also part of neutropenic precaution is to wear the right clothing. You should wear full and clean clothing including shoes every day. It is also recommended to wear a mask especially if you are near a hospital to prevent contact with airborne bacteria and microorganisms.
As a neutropenic precaution, it is best that you should be in a private room if staying in the hospital. Under no circumstances should a person with flu or another transmittable disease be allowed to visit you. Normally, healthcare providers of neutropenia patients are not allowed to care for other patients with transmittable diseases to prevent spreading the infection. Furthermore, you and those people who are around you should always observe proper hand washing protocols.
Patients suffering from neutropenia need to consult their doctor. In mild cases of neutropenia, observing neutropenic precautions may be enough to treat the condition. However, in severe cases, your doctor may recommend taking drugs that can suppress the immune system or drugs that can help fight bacterial infections. There is also a special treatment called granulocyte colony-stimulating factor or more commonly known as G-CSF which is designed to stimulate the production of white blood cells by the bone marrow.
The different neutropenic precautions play an important role in the treatment and in the prevention of infections of patients with neutropenia. If you are suffering from this health problem, it would be best to strictly observe them.
Do you know that an average person walks up to 10,000 steps per day? If you didn’t realize that, it is understandable because you don’t normally count your steps. You will only know that you have probably walked a lot if you start to feel some pain in your feet.
Pain in the foot can be mild to severe. In many instances, the pain is manageable, allowing you to still go on with your daily routine. However, in some cases, the pain could also be severe, making it difficult to stand or walk. I experienced having a very painful foot and I did have a hard time walking. I can barely lift my foot another step.
Perhaps many of you have also experienced suffering from painful feet. The most common of which is with pain on top of foot. Some have intermittent cases while others are chronic and regularly occurring.
What causes pain on top of foot?
Our feet are one part of the body that is more susceptible to pain. As soon as we wake up, we use it to stand up, walk, run, climb and do many other daily routines. They support the weight of our entire body, act as shock absorbers, keep our body balanced and propel our body to move. With such important tasks that they do, it is just normal that they will also feel weak, weary or painful.
Aside from the natural tendency of our feet to be painful after a tiring day, there are many other reasons why you could experience pain on top of foot. One of the most common causes is stress fracture. Fractures could be due to weak muscles, repetitive movements, arthritis, injury and improper bone alignment. People with tendonitis, arthritis, and diabetes are also more prone to pain on top of foot. Among women, pregnancy and hormonal imbalance are common causes. Other reasons why a person could experience pain on top of the foot include bone spurs, entrapment of nerve, strain, sprain, aging and improper footwear.
When to consult a doctor?
If your pain on top of foot is recurring or you have been feeling it for several days already, it is time that you should consult a doctor. This is especially true if you are also experiencing other symptoms such as tenderness or warmth on the affected area, swelling, redness, difficulty in standing or walking, and pain that worsens every day. Having any of these symptoms may indicate a more serious health condition. Diagnosing your problem and treating it as early as possible are important to prevent your condition from getting worse.
Your doctor will normally conduct a visual and physical exam of the affected foot. You may also be asked some questions regarding your medical history. In some instances, your doctor may recommend you to have an X-ray, MRI or bone scan for proper diagnosis.
Many people experience top of foot pain for various reasons. But for whatever reason it may be, you should consult your doctor immediately if the pain becomes severe or is recurring.